Lorraine Shemesh has made a name for herself painting
swimmers, whose twisting bodies effortlessly hover in a medium that
supports their weight. Never still, water is itself an interesting
subject to paint; here, in seven large oils and several small studies,
the artist focuses on the way it distorts and refracts both light
and forms. Shemesh is very much a realist painter, but her choices
of image and context enable her to encompass a broad variety of
styles and effects in her oils. She uses photographs as a reference,
to record water's light and color shifts, but mostly the work comes
from her imagination. Sometimes she will work out the swimmers'
poses by drawing dancers modeling similar physical relationships;
her studies, done on Mylar, demonstrate her intense interest in
how the body can twist and bend, contorting itself with abandon.
In the oil-on-canvas "LINK"
(1999), a view down into the water shows two swimmers, their backs
arched, hands gripping each other's ankles and feet. Seen in profile,
the bodies forming a rough "O" around the perimeter of
the nearly 67-inch-square canvas are both above and beneath the
water surface, allowing Shemesh to capture light on flesh as well
as the distortions that occur when forms are submerged. Color is
important: one sees the reds, tans and browns of skin color, the
blue of water and the wavy white lines of light refracted through
the water. In the graphite-on-Mylar study
for that work, the style of the drawing is gestural, and Shemesh
embeds fast renditions of bones in the arms and legs to work out
the anatomy. Viewers are given an unusual opportunity to see the
structure beneath the flesh.
For all the care and meticulousness Shemesh exhibits
in representing the bodies, she is equally involved in the abstract
effects. The play of light on water is reproduced in "LINK"
as groups of jagged and elliptical white lines. Here, being true
to nature enables Shemesh to record a dazzling array of painterly
gestures, some of them squarely within the tradition of Abstract
Expressionism. There is an innate sense of drama in more that a
few of the paintings. In "CRAWL"
(1998) we see from below a female swimmer extending her right arm
across the width of the painting. The top half of the work is gray-white,
suggesting the water's disturbed surface, and from underneath we
can recognize how the liquid distorts the woman's features as a
bubble emerges from her mouth. The drama occurs because of the highlighting
and contrast of light and dark. Shemesh is a skilled artist, but
that isn't all - she's also interested in showing how the body transcends
the physical limitations of place. Her use of abstract effects in
the service of representation is striking and makes her art complex.
Goodman, Jonathan, Lorraine Shemesh at Allan Stone.
Art in America. (December 2000): illus., 122.